Balance and Momentum

Use Your Center of Gravity.

Being mindful of your center of gravity and the type of movements you make can help you climb more effectively.

Momentum:

When climbers change positions on the wall they are employing the concept of momentum.

$\mathrm{momentum}=\mathrm{mass}×\mathrm{velocity}$

Impulse causes a change in momentum.

Newton's Second Law of Motion

$\mathrm{force}=\mathrm{mass}×\mathrm{acceleration}$
$\mathrm{force}=\frac{\Delta \mathrm{velocity}}{\Delta \mathrm{time}}$

By rearranging the equation,
$\mathrm{force}×\Delta \mathrm{time}=\mathrm{mass}×\Delta \mathrm{velocity}$
$\mathrm{impulse}=\Delta \mathrm{momemtum}$

Movement Types

• Static
The climber makes slow, controlled movements from one hold to another while maintaining balance. Low Δmomentum means less force.
• Dynamic
The climber makes fast movements that require momentum to reach the next hold. However, changing your momentum during these moves requires greater forces. Center of Gravity. (CoG)

An imaginary point where the average location of the weight of an object is thought to be concentrated.

*The center of gravity for humans is approximately at the belly button.  