Types of Rock:The rocks make the routes. Knowing the geology of different areas affects the nature of climbing.
Formed from the particles of sand, shells, pebbles, and other fragments of materials, collectively called sediment, that become cemented together. Examples: sandstone and limestoneNew River Gorge, WV -
Widely varied, featured with cracks, pockets and many unique holds
Formed under the surface of the earth due to the intense heat and pressure. Examples: quartzite and marbleSeneca Rocks, WV - Smooth, hard rock featured with inconsistent cracks and edges
Formed when molten rock cools and hardens. The characteristics depend on the mineral composition and the rate at which the rock cools. Examples: basalt and granite
* There are no distinguished climbing areas in West Virginia that feature igneous rock.
Like energy, the minerals that make up rocks cannot be created or destroyed. Rocks are continually changing from one type to another!